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Filipino Brotherhood of Assassins
Filipino Brotherhood
Organizational information
Founder

Andres Bonifacio (Founder of Katipunan)

Leader's title

Supremo (Mentor)

Headquarters

Manila, Pangasinan, Bulacan, Ilocos Sur, Cavite, Bicol Region, Cebu, Davao City, Quezon Province, Batangas, BARMM

Historical information
Date formed

July 7, 1892 (As Katipunan Brotherhood of Assassins)

Date collapsed

March 22, 1897

Date reorganized

Around 1902 (as Tagalog Brotherhood of Assassin)

Additional information
Notable members

Andres Bonifacio, Jose Rizal, Deodato Arellano, Emilio Jacinto, Pio Valenzuela, Emilio Aguinaldo, Gregorio del Pilar, Macario Sakay, Paciano Rizal, Apolinario Mabini, Andrew Janea

The Filipino Brotherhood of Assassins (formerly Katipunan Brotherhood of Assassins in 1892 and Tagalog Brotherhood of Assassins in 1902) is a brotherhood of assassins operated in the Philippine Archipelago.

Preceding Brotherhood Edit

Luzon Brotherhood of Assassins (900-1589) Edit

Luzon Assassin

Assassin Insignia of Luzon Brotherhood

The Luzon Brotherhood of Assassins is an Assassin Guild formed in the Kingdom of Tondo in 900 AD and one of the longest brotherhood in Northern Philippine Archipelago which lasted until 1589.

During 900 AD, the first leader of the Kingdom of Tondo and Chief Commander Jayadewa declared an association after the trial of Namwaran, the Chief of Dewata, for the security of all towns in secret. They decided to formed one nation to secure the operation of the trading industry.

In 1258, Rajah Lontok, a Prince from the Bruneian Empire, together with other assassins conquered the Kingdom of Tondo, and their territory expanded to become a dominant empire in the region called the Kingdom of Maynila. The empire lasted for hundreds of years until the war between the native Filipinos led by Rajah Sulayman, a vassal to the Sultan of Brunei, and the Spaniards led by Martin de Goiti, Maestro de Campo on May 24, 1570. The forces under Goiti were victorious and as a result, Manila became the capital of the Spanish East Indies.

In 1588, the last paramount ruler of Kingdom of Tondo/Maynila Agustin de Legazpi with his cousin Martin Pangan planned a revolt against the Spanish Templars to overthrow their authority in the Philippines and to claim their independence.

Legazpi sought help from a Japanese sea captain named Juan Gayo and asked for weapons and warriors to fight alongside them in exchange for one-half of the tributes collected in the Philippines. They also requested help from other Assassin Guilds such as Borneo, Laguna, and Batangas with a plan to assault the city of Manila and assassinate the Spaniards. However, their plan was discovered by the Spaniards when Magat Salamat revealed their plan to fellow Assassin turned Templar Antonio Surabao, who turned out to be a traitor when he reported the conspiracy to the Spaniards. Consequently, the rebels associated with the conspiracy were punished, with some being put to death and others being exiled. The plot against the Spaniards died alongside them. The brotherhood is finally dissolved in 1589 when all the assassins are executed by the Spaniards.

Subgroups Edit

  • Ilocano Brotherhood
  • Kapampangan Brotherhood
  • Tagalog Brotherhood (Prime Group)
  • Bicolano Brotherhood
  • Mangyan Brotherhood (Haninu'o and Buhid)
  • Tagbanwa Brotherhood

Visayan Brotherhood of Assassins (1400-1565) Edit

Mactan 5

Assassin Insignia of Visayan Brotherhood

The Visayan Brotherhood of Assassins is a branch of the Assassin Guild located on the island of Visayas, Philippines.

In the 1400s, together with the emergence of the Rajahnate in Sugbu (Cebu) a secret association of Assassins was also led by the founder of Sugbu Rajah Sri Lumay of the Chola Dynasty, a major dynasty in southern India. Their mission is to join the forces of the military group of Sugbu in times of need and they also have a mission to end the lives of their enemy leaders in secret.

In 1517, Habagat became an official member of the group after defeating Bagyo in a battle they called free style fighting.

In 1521, at the Battle of Mactan, Lapu-Lapu, a valiant Datu of Mactan Island and leader of the Assassins, together with other Assassins defeated the Spanish Templar army and successfully killed the Portuguese-Templar explorer Ferdinand Magellan.

In 1542, the Datu Lapu-Lapu's life came to an end when he was condemned to death by the decision of Rajah Humabon using ambush by his comrade. The organization was dissolved but it did not last long and was also led by Datu Mangubat but he suddenly died during the conflict between the Sugbu and Opong forces when they decided to end the rivalry in 1545. And the successor Datu Habagat together with the people of Opong launched a permanent settlement in Pakihan at Camotes Island to prevent conflict from Sugbu Forces.

In 1550, the newly-appointed Rajah Tupas, the cousin of Rajah Humabon, had an agreement with Datu Habagat to ally to become as one province as well as the two military forces were merged.

In 1565, the Spanish Templars again arrived in the country with the great General Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and the Spanish Templars had a war with the Sugbu forces. Because of their great advantage in war, the Spaniards defeated the military forces of Sugbu as well as the Assassins. The last Datu of Opong Habagat was killed by the Spanish Templars when he was shot in the back as he saved his family. The brotherhood was finally dissolved.

Mindanaoan Brotherhood of Assassins (1405-1915, & 1962-1986) Edit

Sulu AC

Assassin Insignia of Sulu Brotherhood

The Mindanaoan Brotherhood of Assassins (formerly known as Sulu Brotherhood of Assassins) is an Assassins Guild operating in Mindanao Island located in Southern Philippines. It considered the longest and most stable Assassin Guild in the country within more than 500 years.

The emergence of Assassin Guild as well as the Sultanate of Sulu in 1405 founded by Sharif ul-Hashim, a Muslim Assassin from Johor, Malaysia. He established the permanent Islamic religion in the country, and here many worshipers of the said religion along with the indigenous people around them.

In 1987, due to its dissolution, they decided to merge with the Filipino Brotherhood as part of the sovereign state, however, they struggle in terms of belief and ideology with other Assassins. So they decided to separate parts from others with autonomous authority.

Subgroups Edit

  • Tausug Brotherhood
  • Maguindanaon Brotherhood

Before the brotherhood reorganized Edit

After the fall of the previous Assassin Guilds, there were several revolts against the Spanish Templars (1596-1872) by indigenous Moro, Lumad, Indians, Chinese (Sangleys) and Insulares (Filipinos of Full or near full Spanish descent), often with the goal of re-establishing the rights and powers that had traditionally belonged to Lumad Timueys, Maginoo Rajah and Moro Datus. Some revolts stemmed from the land problem and this was largely the cause of the insurrections that transpired in the agricultural provinces of Batangas, Bulacan, Cavite, and Laguna. Natives also rebelled over unjust taxation and forced labor.

Most of these revolts failed because the majority of the local population sided up with the well-armed colonial government, and to fight with Spanish as foot soldiers to put down the revolts.

In Mindanao and Sulu, a continuous fight for sovereignty was sustained by the Moro people and their allies for the whole duration of Spanish conquest and rule.

Reorganization Edit

Katipunan AC

Assassin insignia of Katipunan.

In July 3, 1892, the La Liga Filipina was formed by Dr. Jose Rizal, a nationalist and polymath. The purpose is to build a new group sought to involve the people directly in the reform movement. However, the organization didn't last when Rizal was arrested and exiled in Dapitan on July 6, 1892 which immediately dissolved. Andres Bonifacio and Apolinario Mabini were decided to form it's successors such as Katipunan and Cuerpo de Compromisarios.

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