November 10th War (The War of Surabaya)Edit
"If I could know the consequence of my action, I would tear down the letter. The Orde commanded me to kill him, yet it seems they don't pay any care toward what will happen to my people. I'm very sorry for what I've done, but sorry isn't enough, and my bullet had already been fired. 16,000 of Surabaya citizens died for defending their homeland through a battle, a massive gigantic one. One battle that was actually going to be prevented."
Bayu in his journal
November 10th War (Also known as War of Surabaya, Battle of Surabaya) was a war between the British army and Indonesian people occurred in Surabaya on November 10th 1946. It was a battle that accidentally triggered by an Indonesian assassin, Bayu Cathaka. This battle is an actual historic event, and so by then November 10th is proclaimed by the Indonesian as their Heroes' Day.
Chains of Events : Burning FuseEdit
On August 17th, 1945, the proclamators and the first leaders of Indonesia, Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta declared the independence of Indonesia at Soekarno's house, Pegangsaan street number 56, Jakarta. The declaration was being guarded by several soldiers, including Bayu that secretly watched over the historical moment.
2. The Yamato Hotel Incident
On September 16th, 1945, several Dutch internees stayed in Yamato Hotel, Surabaya, raised the Netherland flag at the top of the building. This action quickly provoked the citizens of Surabaya and taken as a great insult toward the proclamation. Bayu mobilized the mass and seized both Dutch and Japanese that supported the raising of the flag. An unknown citizen climbed the hotel and ripped the blue stripe of the Dutch flag, changed the flag from Dutch to Indonesian.
3. The Arrival of British and NICA (Netherlands Indies Civil Administration)
Soon after the incident, British army representing the Allied Force, at the same time carrying along with them NICA organization. The arrival of the British were firstly considered as friendly, but later taken as a serious threat because of NICA's involvement. Between September and October 1945, incidents often happened between the Indonesian and the Dutch. Bung Tomo, one of Bayu's brothers in arm, quickly encouraged the revolution spirit of Surabaya citizens. On October 25th, a heavy fighting happened between the Indonesian and the British. Not intending to have a war against Indonesia, the British quickly organized a meeting between them and Soekarno, Hatta, and Amir Syarifuddin. A ceasefire was quickly announced on October 30th.
4. The Assassination of A.W.S Mallaby
Bayu : "I don't know...this is not right,"
Thomas van Dell : "What do you mean this is not right?"
Bayu : "Look at him. He travelled across the city to spread the news about the ceasefire. He brings the word of truce. Don't you think we're not supposed to kill him?"
Thomas van Dell : "I know, Bayu. But it is confirmed that he is one of the Templars..."
Bayu : "How could you be so sure?"
Thomas van Dell : "....Bayu, what will happen tomorrow, will be decided by your bullet now. I don't know what to say, it's your choice now,"
Bayu and Thomas discussing as they were about to assassinate Mallaby.
At the same day after the negotiation, a British brigadier general named A.W.S Mallaby travelled around Surabaya to spread the news about the agreement. Two days before that, Bayu received a letter from The Orde of Assassins, ordering that he must kill the general. Knowing not much about his target, Bayu had no choice but to prepare for his task as quick as possible as the only chance would come on October 30th. He decided that the best spot where he could kill the general was The Red Bridge of Surabaya (Jembatan Merah), where a British troop's post was located. Two days later, he heard the news about the ceasefire, at the same time surprised him that the general himself brought the news and intended to spread it, changing his perception upon his target. Nevertheless, he had no choice but to execute the order. He told several Indonesian militias to halted the general once he reach the bridge by any reason. At the same time when Bayu reached his designated position along with his mentor, Thomas van Dell, Mallaby was about to across the bridge when he was stopped. The British soldiers inside the post feared that their leader may be killed, fired several warning shots. Bayu hesitantly aimed for the general, as the sound of the gunfires terrorized him. After shortly discussed with his mentor, Bayu fired his rifle.
The Battle of SurabayaEdit
"Kami melihat mereka di angkasa, terbang"
(We saw them in the sky, flying)
"Kami melihat mereka di lautan, berlayar"
(We saw them on the ocean, sailing)
"Kami melihat mereka di jalanan, bergerak"
(We saw them on the roads, marching)
"Tapi kami takkan meletakkan senjata kami"
(But we shall not put down our weapon)
"Kami siap meletakkan nyawa sebagai gantinya"
(Instead we are ready to put down our souls)
The news about the death of the general quickly reached the British government. Mallaby was later replaced by Major General Robert Mansergh. The new general gave an ultimatum toward the Indonesians that they must surrender their firearms and stop their attacks toward Allied force and NICA. This ultimatum was ignored, and on November 10th 1945, the battle of Surabaya began.
Bayu quickly took his weapons and entered the city to join the war, feeling responsible for the chaos. At the beginning, the retaliation was inorganized, caused defeat in several gunfights. Bayu led some of the militias and the soldiers, gave them proper command and coordination, slowly improved their fighting. Almost every Indonesian fighters wounded either heavily or lightly. Even Bayu suffered a gunshot on his left shoulder when he rode his horse across the town, immediately pulled him down from his horse.
Bayu : "Hold the line! Take cover before you shoot! Aim, fire!"
Bayu as he led the Surabayan militias fight the British and NICA soldiers.
Nevertheless, since the British were more armed, the battle was lost. But the battle was intended to take the city in three days, yet it took three weeks for the British to claim it before the resistance completely defeated. About 16,000 of Indonesian people were killed, at the same time the British lost 2,000 soldiers. This battle was considered as the biggest and the bloodiest battle in the independence struggle of Indonesian. The battle later censured by many nations across the world, at the same time proved the solidity and the resistance of Indonesian for their freedom, vanishing the international doubt about their success. Later then, the British supported the independence of Indonesian.
Bayu intended to defend the city until the last drop of his blood, but his teacher came and told him that he had a bigger role in the struggle than to die in this war. Bayu fiercely refused to leave, but then was knocked out by Thomas van Dell and taken away.